What Are The Best Exercises For Someone With Asthma?

Are you searching for the perfect workout routine that caters specifically to individuals with asthma? Look no further! In this article, we will explore the best exercises for someone with asthma, providing you with a comprehensive guide to help you stay active and manage your condition effectively. Whether you’re a fitness enthusiast or just starting your fitness journey, we’ve got you covered. So get ready to discover some fantastic exercise options that will keep you motivated, healthy, and ultimately, breathing easy! When it comes to managing asthma, regular exercise is incredibly important. While it may seem counterintuitive to engage in physical activity when you have difficulty breathing, the right exercises can actually strengthen your respiratory muscles and improve lung function. In this comprehensive article, we’ll explore some of the best exercises for someone with asthma, providing a variety of options to suit different interests and fitness levels.

Cardio Exercises

Cardio exercises, also known as aerobic exercises, are essential for improving cardiovascular fitness and increasing endurance. Engaging in regular cardio workouts can help to open up your airways and improve your overall breathing capacity. Here are a few excellent options for cardio exercises:


Walking is a low-impact exercise that can be easily incorporated into your daily routine. You can start by briskly walking for 10-15 minutes a day and gradually increase your duration as your fitness improves. Walking outdoors allows you to enjoy fresh air and provides a change of scenery, making it an enjoyable and accessible exercise for individuals with asthma.


Swimming is often recommended for individuals with asthma due to the humid environment it provides. The warm and moist air around the pool can help to reduce exercise-induced asthma symptoms. Swimming also engages the entire body, providing a full-body workout while placing minimal stress on your joints. Whether you choose to swim laps or participate in water aerobics classes, swimming can be a refreshing and beneficial exercise for asthmatics.


Cycling is another low-impact exercise that can be easily adjusted to match your fitness level. Riding a stationary bike or cycling outdoors can help to improve lung function and boost your cardiovascular endurance. Start with shorter rides and gradually increase your distance and intensity. Cycling not only strengthens your respiratory muscles but also offers a fun way to explore your surroundings.

Elliptical Trainer

Using an elliptical trainer is a great option for individuals with asthma as it provides a low-impact, full-body workout. This exercise machine mimics the motion of walking, running, or climbing stairs without putting excessive stress on your joints. With adjustable intensity settings, you can tailor the workout to your comfort level. The smooth and controlled movements on the elliptical can help improve your breathing and overall cardiovascular fitness.

Yoga and Pilates

Yoga and Pilates focus on controlled movements, breathing techniques, and body awareness. These exercises can help to improve lung capacity, increase flexibility, and reduce stress. Here are a few beneficial poses and techniques for individuals with asthma:


Pranayama, or yogic breathing, involves a series of controlled breathing exercises that can help improve lung function and reduce asthma symptoms. One such technique is diaphragmatic breathing, which involves deep inhales through the nose and slow exhales through the mouth. By engaging the diaphragm muscle, you can maximize airflow and promote relaxation.

Mountain Pose

Mountain Pose, also known as Tadasana, is a foundational yoga pose that focuses on proper alignment and deep breathing. This standing pose helps improve posture, stretches the chest, and promotes steady breathing. By practicing Mountain Pose regularly, you can increase lung capacity and strengthen your respiratory muscles.

Cat-Cow Pose

Cat-Cow Pose is a gentle yoga flow that involves alternating between arching and rounding your back. This movement helps stretch and strengthen the spine, while also promoting deep breathing. The controlled breathing during Cat-Cow Pose can help to open up the chest and improve lung function.

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Child’s Pose

Child’s Pose, also known as Balasana, is a restorative yoga pose that encourages relaxation and deep breathing. This pose involves sitting on your knees, folding forward, and resting your forehead on the floor. By elongating the spine and opening up the chest, Child’s Pose can relieve tension and promote better breathing.

Strength Training

Strength training exercises not only help to improve muscle tone and strength but also increase overall stamina. Incorporating strength training into your fitness routine can enhance your lung capacity and respiratory function. Here are a few effective options for strength training exercises:

Bodyweight Exercises

Bodyweight exercises, such as push-ups, squats, and lunges, are an excellent way to build strength without the need for equipment. These exercises engage multiple muscle groups and can be easily modified according to your fitness level. By gradually increasing your repetitions and incorporating different variations, you can improve your lung capacity and overall fitness.

Resistance Band Workouts

Resistance bands are versatile and portable tools that can add resistance to your strength training routine. These bands provide resistance throughout the entire range of motion and engage both major and minor muscle groups. Whether you are performing bicep curls, lateral raises, or squats, using resistance bands can help to improve your lung function while building strength.


Weightlifting is an effective way to build muscle mass, increase strength, and improve your overall fitness. When done correctly, weightlifting exercises help to strengthen your respiratory muscles and improve lung capacity. Whether you choose to lift free weights, use weight machines, or participate in a weightlifting class, this form of exercise can benefit individuals with asthma.

Breathing Exercises

In addition to incorporating exercises that naturally improve lung function, specific breathing exercises can significantly benefit individuals with asthma. By focusing on your breath and practicing these techniques regularly, you can strengthen your respiratory muscles and effectively manage asthma symptoms. Here are a few breathing exercises to consider:

Diaphragmatic Breathing

Diaphragmatic breathing, also known as belly breathing, involves deep inhales that expand the diaphragm and fill the lungs. This technique helps to strengthen the diaphragm and increase lung capacity. By practicing diaphragmatic breathing daily, you can improve the efficiency of your respiratory system and reduce asthma symptoms.

Pursed Lip Breathing

Pursed lip breathing is a breathing technique that involves inhaling through the nose and exhaling slowly through pursed lips. By adding resistance to the exhale, this technique helps to control the breath and prevent airway collapse. Pursed lip breathing can be particularly beneficial during physical activity to promote better breathing and reduce exercise-induced asthma symptoms.

Buteyko Breathing

The Buteyko Breathing Method is a series of exercises aimed at normalizing breathing patterns and reducing hyperventilation. This method emphasizes nasal breathing and teaches individuals to breathe less frequently but more efficiently. By practicing the Buteyko Breathing Method, you can improve your lung function and potentially decrease the severity and frequency of asthma attacks.

Warm-up Exercises

Before diving into your workout, it’s essential to warm up your body properly. Warm-up exercises help to prepare your muscles, joints, and cardiovascular system for physical activity. Implementing a warm-up routine can reduce the risk of injuries and facilitate better breathing during your workout. Here are a few warm-up exercises to consider:

Jumping Jacks

Jumping jacks are a classic warm-up exercise that engages multiple muscle groups and elevates the heart rate. By performing jumping jacks, you can increase blood flow to your muscles and prime your body for exercise. This dynamic movement also helps to open up the chest and promote better breathing.

Arm Circles

Arm circles involve making circular motions with your arms to warm up the shoulder joint and increase blood circulation. By performing forward and backward arm circles, you can prepare your upper body for exercises that involve the arms, such as push-ups or weightlifting. This exercise also promotes flexibility and improves shoulder mobility.

High Knees

High knees involve jogging in place while lifting your knees as high as possible. This exercise helps to warm up your quadriceps, hip flexors, and core muscles. By engaging in high knees, you can increase your heart rate, improve blood flow, and prepare your lower body for running or other leg-focused exercises.

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Butt Kicks

Butt kicks involve jogging in place while attempting to kick your own buttocks with your heels. This exercise helps to warm up the hamstring muscles and prepare your legs for exercise. Butt kicks increase blood flow to the lower body and promote flexibility in the hamstrings, facilitating better breathing during intense workouts.

Cool-down Exercises

After completing your exercise routine, it’s crucial to allow your body to gradually return to a resting state. Cool-down exercises help to reduce muscle soreness, prevent faintness or dizziness, and promote proper recovery. Here are a few cool-down exercises to consider:


After an intense workout, a gentle walk can be a great way to cool down. Walking helps to gradually lower your heart rate, facilitate blood circulation, and prevent blood from pooling in your extremities. By walking at a relaxed pace, you can promote better breathing and aid in the elimination of waste products from your muscles.


Stretching is a vital component of any exercise routine, especially during the cool-down phase. Performing static stretches for major muscle groups, such as the quadriceps, hamstrings, calves, and chest, can help to improve flexibility and reduce muscle tightness. Stretching promotes relaxation and can help to alleviate tension that may affect your breathing.

Foam Rolling

Foam rolling, also known as self-myofascial release, involves using a foam roller to massage and release tension in your muscles. By applying gentle pressure to various muscle groups, you can improve circulation, reduce muscle soreness, and promote relaxation. Foam rolling can be particularly beneficial for those experiencing tightness in the chest due to asthma symptoms.

Deep Breathing

Incorporating deep breathing exercises during your cool-down can further enhance relaxation and promote better lung function. Take a few minutes to focus on slow, deep breaths, filling your lungs to their fullest capacity. By practicing deep breathing, you can oxygenate your body, reduce stress, and enhance your recovery process.

Sports and Recreational Activities

If traditional exercises don’t quite catch your interest, engaging in sports or recreational activities can be a great way to stay active while having fun. Here are a few sports and recreational activities that can benefit individuals with asthma:


Tennis is a dynamic sport that combines cardiovascular exercise with strategic thinking. By engaging in regular tennis sessions, you can improve your agility, hand-eye coordination, and overall fitness. The fast-paced nature of the game can also promote better breathing and lung capacity.


Golf may not appear to be an intense physical activity, but it still provides numerous health benefits. Walking the course, swinging the club, and enjoying nature can all contribute to better physical and mental well-being. Golfing at a comfortable pace allows for controlled breathing, making it a suitable exercise for individuals with asthma.


Badminton is a fast-paced racket sport that requires quick movements, agility, and precise hand-eye coordination. Playing badminton can help to improve cardiovascular fitness, enhance reflexes, and strengthen muscles, including the respiratory muscles. It offers an excellent opportunity to incorporate bursts of intense activity with periods of rest, allowing for controlled breathing.


Dancing provides an enjoyable and creative way to stay active. Whether you prefer ballet, salsa, hip-hop, or ballroom dances, moving to the rhythm can improve your cardiovascular fitness, coordination, and flexibility. Dancing also releases endorphins, reducing stress and enhancing your overall well-being.

Swimming Exercises

Swimming, as mentioned earlier, is a highly recommended exercise for individuals with asthma. The buoyancy of the water and the warm and humid environment around the pool can help to relieve asthma symptoms and improve lung function. Here are a few swimming exercises to consider:

Lap Swimming

Swimming laps in the pool is an excellent way to build endurance, strengthen muscles, and improve cardiovascular fitness. By alternating between different swimming strokes, such as freestyle, breaststroke, or backstroke, you can engage multiple muscle groups and challenge your respiratory system. The constant resistance of the water also helps to strengthen your respiratory muscles.

Pool Walking

Pool walking involves walking in the shallow end of the pool or using a flotation belt for deeper water. This low-impact exercise allows you to strengthen your legs, hips, and core muscles without putting stress on your joints. Pool walking also provides resistance against your movements, making it an effective workout for your respiratory muscles.

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Water Aerobics

Water aerobics classes combine cardiovascular exercises with resistance training in a pool setting. These classes usually involve a series of movements, such as jumping jacks, jogging, and resistance exercises with water dumbbells or noodles. Water aerobics provide a full-body workout while minimizing the impact on your joints and supporting your breathing.

Flutter Kicks

Flutter kicks involve lying on your back with your arms by your sides and kicking your legs up and down in a scissor-like motion. This exercise helps to strengthen your leg muscles and engage your core. Performing flutter kicks in the water further challenges your muscles and respiratory system due to the water’s resistance.

Daily Activities

Incorporating physical activity into your daily routine is essential for maintaining a healthy lifestyle, even outside of structured exercise sessions. Simple activities such as household chores, gardening, walking the dog, or taking the stairs can contribute to your overall fitness level. Here are a few daily activities that can help to keep you active:

Household Chores

Household chores, such as vacuuming, mopping the floor, or washing windows, can be surprisingly effective exercises. These activities engage various muscle groups and get your heart rate up without requiring any additional equipment or time commitment. By turning everyday tasks into mini workouts, you can improve your fitness and breathing while maintaining a clean home.


Gardening is not only a relaxing and enjoyable hobby but also a physical activity that engages multiple muscle groups. Digging, planting, weeding, and pruning can all help to improve your strength, flexibility, and cardiovascular fitness. Spending time outdoors in nature also allows you to breathe in fresh air and reduce stress.

Walking the Dog

Walking your furry friend is a win-win situation for both you and your pet. Regular dog walks give you an opportunity to be active, strengthen your muscles, and engage in cardiovascular exercise. Additionally, walking outdoors provides mental and emotional benefits, allowing you to clear your mind and enjoy the sights and sounds of nature.

Taking Stairs

Opting for the stairs instead of an elevator or escalator can be a simple yet effective way to incorporate exercise into your daily routine. Climbing stairs engages the leg muscles, increases your heart rate, and promotes better breathing. By choosing to take the stairs whenever possible, you can accumulate additional physical activity throughout the day.

Group Exercise Classes

Joining group exercise classes can provide a social and motivational atmosphere while helping you achieve your fitness goals. Participating in guided workouts with an instructor and alongside other individuals can be both enjoyable and challenging. Here are a few group exercise classes to consider:


Zumba is a high-energy dance fitness program that combines dance moves with aerobic exercises. This Latin-inspired workout is designed to be fun and suitable for all fitness levels. Dancing to upbeat music can elevate your heart rate, improve coordination, and promote better breathing. Zumba classes often incorporate interval training, allowing for bursts of intense activity followed by periods of rest.

Spin Class

Spin classes typically involve riding a stationary bike to music in a group setting. These classes offer a challenging cardiovascular workout that targets the lower body and engages the core muscles. Spin classes can be easily modified to match your fitness level, and the instructor guides you through various intensity intervals. The controlled breathing during spin classes can help you regulate your inhalations and exhalations.


Aerobics classes encompass a range of cardio exercises, including dance-based movements, strength exercises, and stretching. These classes provide a fun and energetic way to improve cardiovascular fitness, muscle tone, and flexibility. Aerobics classes often include choreographed routines and upbeat music, making it an enjoyable and engaging workout experience.


Kickboxing classes combine martial arts techniques with aerobic exercises to provide a full-body workout. Kicking, punching, and performing various combinations not only improve cardiovascular fitness and muscle tone but also offer an effective stress release. The rhythmic nature of kickboxing can help you regulate your breathing and enhance your lung capacity.

In conclusion, exercising regularly is crucial for individuals with asthma. By incorporating a variety of exercises into your fitness routine, you can strengthen your respiratory muscles, improve lung function, and manage your asthma symptoms more effectively. Whether you choose cardio exercises, yoga and Pilates, strength training, breathing exercises, warm-up and cool-down exercises, sports and recreational activities, swimming exercises, daily activities, or group exercise classes, find the activities that you enjoy and that suit your individual needs. Remember to start slowly, listen to your body, and consult with a healthcare professional if you have any concerns. Happy exercising!